Spread the love

In this tutorial, you will learn uploading a multipart reactive form in angular using HttpClient. In a webpage uploading files as multipart form data is a important aspect.

If you are a new then you can read What is Angular and how to install angular ?

So, for this tutorial we required knowledge of Angular component, html, typescript and php.

Step 1 : Create a component

You can create component using command line or manually

ng g component UploadFile

Step 2 : Import HttpClientModule and ReactiveFormModule in app.module.ts

Import two important module HttpClientModule and ReactiveFormModule form @angular/common/http and @angular/forms

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { HelloComponent } from './hello.component';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
import { UploadFileComponent } from './upload-file/upload-file.component';

  imports: [BrowserModule, FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule, HttpClientModule],
  declarations: [AppComponent, UploadFileComponent, HelloComponent],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule {}

Step 3: Create form group and upload function

Now, we are importing FormGroup, HttpClient, FormControl and Validators.

Here, we create two fields name and image. Next we created onChange function to handle the file input change event. then we have uplaodFile method to upload the multipart data from FormData class.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormControl, FormGroup, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

  selector: 'app-upload-file',
  templateUrl: './upload-file.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./upload-file.component.css']
export class UploadFileComponent implements OnInit {
  form: FormGroup = new FormGroup(
      name: new FormControl("", [Validators.required, Validators.minLength(4)]),
      image: new FormControl("", [Validators.required, Validators.email]),

  constructor(public http: HttpClient) { }

  ngOnInit(): void {

  onChange(e: any) {
    let extensionAllowed: any = { "png": true, "jpeg": true };
    let file = e.target.files[0];
    if (file.size / 1024 / 1024 > 20) {
      alert("File size should be less than 20MB")
    if (extensionAllowed) {
      var nam = file.name.split('.').pop();
      if (!extensionAllowed[nam]) {
        alert("Please upload " + Object.keys(extensionAllowed) + " file.")
  uplaodFile() {
    let form = this.form.value;
    const uploadData = new FormData();
    for (let input_name in form) {
      if (form[input_name] instanceof Blob) // check is file
        uploadData.append(input_name, form[input_name], form[input_name].name ? form[input_name].name : "");
        uploadData.append(input_name, form[input_name]);

    return this.http.post('https://readerstacks.com/demo/php.php', uploadData)
      .subscribe(data => {
      });  }


Step 4 : Create html file and form

Here, we have created a form with 2 inputs named as name and image. formGroup attribute to bind the form with angular reactive form.

<form [formGroup]="form" (submit)="uplaodFile()">
    <div class="form-group">
        <div class="">

            <input placeholder="Name" formControlName="name" type="text" required>
            <span *ngIf="form.controls.name.touched 
            &&  form.controls.name.invalid">This field is required</span>

     <div class="form-group">
        <div class="">

             type="file" required>
    <div class="form-group btn-group">

        <button class="" type="submit"  >Submit</button>


Php FIle: index.php

echo json_encode(["post"=>$_POST,"file"=>$_FILES]);

Live Preview:

Leave a Reply