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Laravel comes with default server for local environment and but if run the application in apache then we need to remove the public from URL because if we serve the application through the Apache then we need to call the URLs from public directory. It can be multiple way to remove the public from URL in laravel but most efficient and recommended way to remove is using virtual host and pointing virtual host to public directory of application.

We will cover all possible wat to achieve it and this example we will work in all laravel version laravel 5, laravel 6, laravel 7, laravel 8 and laravel 9

There is multiple options to remove the public from the URL in laravel application.

let’s have look on multiple options of removing public and which one is more secure and reliable method to use.

1. Replacing server.php to index.php

Replacing the root file server.php to index.php is easiest way to remove public from url. but this is not safe and recommended method.

you also need to copy the public/.htaccess file to root folder of the website to working it out.

2. Creating a .htaccess file on root of laravel project

Creating a new file on root of laravel .htaccess and put this below code in the file

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/public/
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /public/$1 [L,QSA]

This code will rewrite all request to public folder silently and application will not expose to security risk.

3. Best and recommended method by laravel, creating virtual host to remove public from URL

To enable this we need to edit the apache httpd.conf or httpd-vhost.conf file.

And enter the below code to enable virtual host for the specific application.

<VirtualHost *:80>
    DocumentRoot "F:/xampp/htdocs/dev/public"
    ServerAdmin admin@localhost
    ServerName laravel.app
    ServerAlias www.laravel.app

    <Directory "F:/xampp/htdocs/laravelblog/public">
       AllowOverride All
       Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

       Require local
       # if you want access from other pc's on your local network
       #Require ip 192.168.1
       # Only if you want the world to see your site
       #Require all granted

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